What's New in Apache ECharts 5.2.0

Universal Transition

Natural and smooth transition animations have been an important feature in Apache ECharts. By avoiding abrupt changes from data update, it not only improves the visual effect, but also provides the possibility to express the association and evolution of data. Therefore, in 5.2.0, we have further enhanced this animation capability. Next, we will see how this Universal Transition adds expressiveness and narrative power to the chart.

In previous versions, transition animations had certain limitations: they could only be used for the position, size of the same shape, and they could only work on the same type of series. For example, the following example reflects the change in data percent through the change in sector shape in a pie chart.

function makeRandomData() {
  return [
    {
      value: Math.random(),
      name: 'A'
    },
    {
      value: Math.random(),
      name: 'B'
    },
    {
      value: Math.random(),
      name: 'C'
    }
  ];
}
option = {
  series: [
    {
      type: 'pie',
      radius: [0, '50%'],
      data: makeRandomData()
    }
  ]
};

setInterval(() => {
  myChart.setOption({
    series: {
      data: makeRandomData()
    }
  });
}, 2000);
live

And starting with 5.2.0, we introduced universal transition, a more powerful animation feature. With that, transitions are no longer limited to between series of the same type. Now, we can use this cross-series morphing to animate between any type of series and any type of shapes.

How cool would this be? Let's have a look!

Morphing transition across series

With universalTransition: true set to enable universion transition feature, switching from pie charts to bar charts, or from bar charts to scatter charts, or even between more complex charts like Sunburst and Treemap, can be morphed naturally.

As follows, switching between a pie chart and a bar chart.

const dataset = {
  dimensions: ['name', 'score'],
  source: [
    ['Hannah Krause', 314],
    ['Zhao Qian', 351],
    ['Jasmin Krause ', 287],
    ['Li Lei', 219],
    ['Karle Neumann', 253],
    ['Mia Neumann', 165],
    ['Böhm Fuchs', 318],
    ['Han Meimei', 366]
  ]
};
const pieOption = {
  dataset: [dataset],
  series: [
    {
      type: 'pie',
      // associate the series to be animated by id
      id: 'Score',
      radius: [0, '50%'],
      universalTransition: true,
      animationDurationUpdate: 1000
    }
  ]
};
const barOption = {
  dataset: [dataset],
  xAxis: {
    type: 'category'
  },
  yAxis: {},
  series: [
    {
      type: 'bar',
      // associate the series to be animated by id
      id: 'Score',
      // Each data will have a different color
      colorBy: 'data',
      encode: { x: 'name', y: 'score' },
      universalTransition: true,
      animationDurationUpdate: 1000
    }
  ]
};

option = barOption;

setInterval(() => {
  option = option === pieOption ? barOption : pieOption;
  // Use the notMerge form to remove the axes
  myChart.setOption(option, true);
}, 2000);
live

More transitions between common charts.

Such transitions are no longer limited to just the basic line, bar, and pie charts, but also between bars and maps:

or between Sunburst and Treemap, or even between very flexible custom series can be transitions.

Note that you need to configure the series ids to ensure that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the series that need to be animated for the transition.

Minimal bundle needs to import this feature manually.

import { UniversalTransition } from 'echarts/features';
echarts.use([UniversalTransition]);

Data split and merge animations

In addition to the common update of data values, sometimes we also encounter data aggregation, drill-down and other updates after interactions, when we can not directly apply one-to-one transitions, but need to use more animation effects like splitting and merging to express the transformation of data.

In order to be able to express the possible many-to-many connections between data, in 5.2.0 we introduced a new concept groupId. We can set the group to the whole series via series.dataGroupId, or more fine-grained by series.data.groupId to set the group to which each data belongs. It's even easier if you use a dataset to manage the data, you can use encode.itemGroupId to specify a dimension encoded as groupId.

For example, if we want to implement a drill-down animation for a bar chart, we can set the entire series of data after the drill-down to the same groupId, which then corresponds to the data before the drill-down

option = {
  xAxis: {
    data: ['Animals', 'Fruits', 'Cars']
  },
  yAxis: {},
  dataGroupId: '',
  animationDurationUpdate: 500,
  series: {
    type: 'bar',
    id: 'sales',
    data: [
      {
        value: 5,
        groupId: 'animals'
      },
      {
        value: 2,
        groupId: 'fruits'
      },
      {
        value: 4,
        groupId: 'cars'
      }
    ],
    universalTransition: {
      enabled: true,
      divideShape: 'clone'
    }
  }
};

const drilldownData = [
  {
    dataGroupId: 'animals',
    data: [
      ['Cats', 4],
      ['Dogs', 2],
      ['Cows', 1],
      ['Sheep', 2],
      ['Pigs', 1],
      ['Cows', 1],
      ['Sheep', 2],
      ['Pigs', 1]
    ]
  },
  {
    dataGroupId: 'fruits',
    data: [
      ['Apples', 4],
      ['Oranges', 2],
      ['Oranges', 2]
    ]
  },
  {
    dataGroupId: 'cars',
    data: [
      ['Toyota', 4],
      ['Opel', 2],
      ['Volkswagen', 2],
      ['Volkswagen', 2]
    ]
  }
];

myChart.on('click', event => {
  if (event.data) {
    const subData = drilldownData.find(data => {
      return data.dataGroupId === event.data.groupId;
    });
    if (!subData) {
      return;
    }
    myChart.setOption({
      xAxis: {
        data: subData.data.map(item => {
          return item[0];
        })
      },
      series: {
        type: 'bar',
        id: 'sales',
        dataGroupId: subData.dataGroupId,
        data: subData.data.map(item => {
          return item[1];
        }),
        universalTransition: {
          enabled: true,
          divideShape: 'clone'
        }
      },
      graphic: [
        {
          type: 'text',
          left: 50,
          top: 20,
          style: {
            text: 'Back',
            fontSize: 18
          },
          onclick: function() {
            myChart.setOption(option, true);
          }
        }
      ]
    });
  }
});
live

With groupId, we can also implement richer aggregation and drill-down animations.

Aggregation of data.

Drilling down of a single series into two series:

Universal transition take the ability to express the relationships and evolution of data to a new level, giving wings to your visualization creation inspiration.

At this point, we know you're already eager to try it out. But don't worry, there are even more new features in 5.2.0 that are worth checking out.

Color palette picking strategy

In the above universal transition example, you may have noticed that we use a colorBy configuration that was not available in the previous version. This configuration is also a new feature we added in this version to configure different granularity of color palette color picking for the series. This configuration currently supports two strategies.

  • 'series' assigns the colors in the palette by series, so that all data in the same series are in the same color.
  • 'data' assigns colors in the palette according to data items, with each data item using a different color.

Previously, we fixed this strategy for each type of series, for example, the bar chart was fixed with 'series' and the pie chart was fixed with 'data'.

And now with this new feature, we can assign a different color to each data item in the bar chart.

option = {
  xAxis: {
    type: 'category',
    data: ['Mon', 'Tue', 'Wed', 'Thu', 'Fri', 'Sat', 'Sun']
  },
  yAxis: {
    type: 'value'
  },
  series: [
    {
      data: [120, 200, 150, 80, 70, 110, 130],
      type: 'bar',
      colorBy: 'data'
    }
  ]
};
live

Or use one color uniformly in the pie chart.

option = {
  series: {
    type: 'pie',
    colorBy: 'series',
    radius: [0, '50%'],
    itemStyle: {
      borderColor: '#fff',
      borderWidth: 1
    },
    data: [
      {
        value: 335,
        name: 'Direct Visit'
      },
      {
        value: 234,
        name: 'Union Ad'
      },
      {
        value: 1548,
        name: 'Search Engine'
      }
    ]
  }
};
live

This configuration allows us to avoid the trouble of finding palette colors and setting them one by one, and may provide convenience in specific scenarios. We will further enhance this configuration later to provide more strategies.

Labels for polar bar charts

In this version we have implemented labels for bar charts on polar coordinates and support rich label positioning configurations. The following is a progress chart with labels displayed at the start points.

option = {
  angleAxis: {
    show: false,
    max: 10
  },
  radiusAxis: {
    show: false,
    type: 'category',
    data: ['AAA', 'BBB', 'CCC', 'DDD']
  },
  polar: {},
  series: [
    {
      type: 'bar',
      data: [3, 4, 5, 6],
      colorBy: 'data',
      roundCap: true,
      label: {
        show: true,
        // Try changing it to 'insideStart'
        position: 'start',
        formatter: '{b}'
      },
      coordinateSystem: 'polar'
    }
  ]
};
live

More configurations for label positions.

This flexible label position configuration item greatly enriches the expressiveness of the polar bar chart, allowing the text to clearly match the corresponding data.

Pie chart style for empty data

In the previous version, if there was no data in the pie chart, the screen might be completely blank. Because there was no visual element, users may wonder if there was a bug.

To solve this problem, in this version we will default to display a gray placeholder circle when there is no data to prevent the screen from being completely blank. We can configure the style of this placeholder circle with emptyCircleStyle.

option = {
  series: [
    {
      type: 'pie',
      data: [],
      // showEmptyCircle: false,
      emptyCircleStyle: {
        // change the style to empty circle
        color: 'transparent',
        borderColor: '#ddd',
        borderWidth: 1
      }
    }
  ]
};
live

If you don't want to show this gray circle, you can also set showEmptyCircle: false to turn it off.

Performance enhancements for high-dimensional data

We have introduced dataset since 4.0 to manage chart data. However, in some extreme scenarios with particularly high-dimensional (>100) data, we may encounter some dramatic performance degradation, such as the following scenario of visualizing a thousand-dimensional data through a thousand series (#11907), which may even may lead to getting stuck.

const indices = Array.from(Array(1000), (_, i) => {
  return `index${i}`;
});
const option = {
  xAxis: { type: 'category' },
  yAxis: {},
  dataset: {
    // dimension: ['date', . . indices],
    source: Array.from(Array(10), (_, i) => {
      return {
        date: i,
        ... .indices.reduce((item, next) => {
          item[next] = Math.random() * 100;
          return item;
        }, {})
      };
    })
  },
  series: indices.map(index => {
    return { type: 'line', name: index };
  })
};

The reason for this performance problem is that we process the high-dimensional dataset at the bottom of each series as needed and save a copy of the processed data and the meta information about the dimensions of the data. This meant that the 1000 x 1000 dimensions had to be processed and saved in the example, which put a huge pressure on memory and garbage collection, resulting in a dramatic performance drop for high dimensions.

In the new version we have optimized this problem so that all series share the dataset storage as much as possible (whether or not they do depends on how the series uses the data). This optimization ensure that memory does not explode as the dataset dimensions and series grow, significantly improving initialization performance in this extreme scenario. The rendering time for the example just described has also been reduced to an acceptable 300 ms or less.

It is not just this high-dimensional scenario that benefits from this optimization. When using a dataset with large amount of data, multiple series only process the data once because of data sharing, so it can also bring significant performance gains.

Type optimization for custom series

Custom series provide a very flexible way to create series graphs. Compared to other series, the learning curve for custom series can be a bit steep. Therefore, in this release, we have further optimized the type of the core method renderItem in the custom series by making more precise inferences about the types of the parameters and return values of renderItem, so that it is possible to infer which properties of the elements can be set based on the type returned:

series = {
  type: 'custom',
  renderItem(params) {
    return {
      type: 'group',
      // The group type uses children to store children of other types
      children: [
        {
          type: 'circle',
          // circle has the following configurable shape attributes
          shape: { r: 10, cx: 0, cy: 0 },
          // Configurable styles
          style: { fill: 'red' }
        },
        {
          type: 'rect',
          // rect has the following configurable shape properties
          shape: { x: 0, y: 0, width: 100, height: 100 }
        },
        {
          type: 'path',
          // Custom path shapes
          shape: { d: '...' }
        }
      ]
    };
  }
};

Summary

If you're interested in some of the features and optimizations in 5.2.0, you may want to update to the latest version of Apache ECharts and try it out for yourself.

If you're interested in what's next for Apache ECharts, you can also follow our development plans at GitHub Milestone. Feel free to join us as a contributor (learn more at Wiki).

Full Changelog

Break Changes

All Changes

  • [Feature] Introduce universal transition to all series. #15208 (pissang)
  • [Feature][color] Add series.colorBy #13788 (Ovilia)
  • [Feature][label] Support sector label positions for polar bars #774 (Ovilia)
  • [Feature][effectscatter] Add rippleEffect.number #15335 (plainheart)
  • [Feature][gauge] Add pointer.showAbove to allow pointer show above the title and details. #15337 (AmosChenYQ) #15326 (susiwen8)
  • [Feature][emphasis] emphasis.color can use 'inherit' to be not higlighted. #15172 (Foreverwzh)
  • [Feature][pie] Display an empty cicle when pie don't have value. #15095 (ssthouse)
  • [Fix][dataset] Fix dataset performance drops signifcantly on high dimensions data. #15355 (pissang)
  • [Fix][axis] Optimize format in time axis #15465 (leavest) #15434 (zhiyuc123)
  • [Fix][custom] Optimize text font compatibility with legacy code. #15454 (AmosChenYQ)
  • [Fix][memory] Optimize memory when chart instance is still hold after dispose #15417 (pissang)
  • [Fix][line] Optimize color gradient when having infinite value. #15416 (plainheart)
  • [Fix][date] Optimize date parsing #15410 (quillblue)
  • [Fix][line] Fix render bug. #788 (pissang)
  • [Fix][candlestick] Fix style lost after update #15368 (pissang)
  • [Fix][sankey] Gradient should follow orient. #15363 (susiwen8)
  • [Fix][tooltip] Fix tooltip formatter doesn't renders HTMLElement if tooltip position is specified. #15313 (plainheart)
  • [Fix][tooltip] Tooltip should clear content when formatter returns null. #15313 (plainheart)
  • [Fix][bar] Set label to be inside when position is 'middle' #15309 (Ovilia)
  • [Fix][marker] Fix 'clampData' undefined error in 'getMarkerPosition' #15297 (AmosChenYQ)
  • [Fix][treemap] Fix old nodes not removed when disabled animation #15283 (villebro)
  • [Fix][tree] Fix edge may not removed when update data #15251 (ssthouse)
  • [Fix][pie/sunburst] Fix borderRadius can't be reset in pie series and sunburst series when setting it to null or undefined #15243 (plainheart)
  • [Fix][canvas] Fix unexpected none or null fillStyle may be warned in firefox #784 (plainheart)
  • [Fix][highlight] Hightlight multiple series through chart.dispatchAction not work as expected #15207 (ssthouse)
  • [Fix][sankey] Fix drag bug when using series.nodes to represent data. #15199 (DuLinRain)
  • [Fix][svg] Optimize exported SVG compatibility for Powerpoint. #767 (plainheart)
  • [Fix][legend] Fix text.lineHeight not work #773 (ssthouse)
  • [Fix][pie] Change the default itemStyle.borderJoin to round. #15145 (plainheart)
  • [Fix][radar] Change the default lineStyle.join to round. #15381 (Ovilia)
  • [Fix][treemap] Fix label.show set to false will throw error #15141 (susiwen8)
  • [Fix][pictorialbar] Fix pictorialBar zero value label display. #15132 (ssthouse)
  • [Fix][lines] Fix lines can't be cleared by chart.clear() #15088 (plainheart)
  • [Fix][endlabel] Fix endLabel not display when only set emphasis.show to true. #15072 (Ovilia)
  • [Fix][svg] Fix rect path not closed. #767 (plainheart)
  • [Fix][treemap] Add treeAncestors in callback params #14976 (pissang)
  • [Fix][tree] Fix error when running setOption twice with different data #14930 (Map1en)
  • [Fix][radar] Fix radar symbol border is scaled #15396 (pissang)
  • [Fix][marker] Fix symbolOffset and symbolKeepAspect doesn't work in markPoint. #14737 (plainheart)
  • [Fix][gauge] Fix data index and series index is missing. #14688 (yufeng04)
  • [Fix][tooltip] Tooltip arrow will follow borderWidth. #14393 (g7i)
  • [Fix][geo] Fix geo switch from hidden to show fail. #15361 (pissang)
  • [Fix][type] Optimize type of renderItem in custom series.
  • [Fix][type] Optimize option type of echarts.init. #15487 (John60676)
  • [Fix][type] There is no polarIndex when coordinate of series is polar #15281 (Map1en)
  • [Fix][type] Optimize type when using SVG source in geo component. #15263 (leosxie)
  • [Fix][type] Fix wrong type for pie data and map data. #15144 (plainheart)

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